Special-use forests to protect biodiversity
|Dạng tài liệu||:||Bài trích bản tin|
|Ngôn ngữ tài liệu||:||eng|
|Nhan đề dịch sang tiếng Việt||:||Rừng đặc dụng bảo vệ hệ sinh thái|
|Tên nguồn trích||:||Viet Nam Infoterra Newsletter|
|Dữ liệu nguồn trích||:||2008/Số 2|
|Đề mục||:||87.27 Bảo vệ thực vật và động vật|
|Từ khoá||:||Rừng đặc dụng ; Hệ sinh thái ; Bảo vệ|
Vietnam now has established a network of 126 special-use forests (SUFs) covering a combined area of 2.5 million ha, according to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE).
The SUFs include national parks, nature reserves and landscape conservation areas, accounting for 7.6 per cent of the nation’s total land area. Of them, 28 are national parks, covering more than one million ha.
Forest cover has also increased significantly, from 27.2 per cent to nearly 40 per cent. International environment organizations found the protected areas to meet the necessary requirements to conserve the country’s current biological diversity. Many SUFs were recognized as examples of the world’s natural heritage.
MONRE said the results were partially due to the Management Strategy for a System of Protected Areas by 2010, adopted by the Government in 2003.
Under the plan, for the past five years funding from official development assistance (ODA) sources and from the State budget has been used to protect biological diversity. Investments from the ODA sources alone rose from less than US$10 million in the early years of the strategy to over $20 million a year in recent years.
Vietnam is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world, and is considered a high priority for global conservation. Its natural ecosystems include a rich variety of beautiful and productive forest types, marshes, rivers and coral reefs. Together they support nearly 10 per cent of the world’s mammal and bird species.
Many species are unique to Vietnam or found in very few places in the world, making the country the best – in some cases the only – opportunity for their conservation.
Forest cover, including both natural forest and plantations, takes up 37 per cent of Vietnam’s total land area. About 18 per cent of that total is plantations. Only 7 per cent of remaining forest is "primary" forest, and nearly 70 per cent is of a poorer quality.
Source: VNS, May 31, 2008